Nature never ceases to fascinate ours with its beauty and its creepiness. And when the two come together we get a miracle of nature in front of which we can only feel awe. Especially towards the mountains, and not just any mountain, but to the magnificent giant Himalayas.
The frozen beauty of the Giant
His majesty the Himalayas is the largest mountain massif in the world that stretches from west to east in a length of 2500 km, with an width of 300 km. Himalayas had a turbulent past. A million years ago, these mountains did not exist. Asia was almost intact, but India was an island that floated not far from the coast of Australia.
About 220 million years ago, at the time when Pangea separated, India began to move north. It traveled some 6,000 kilometers before finally colliding with Asia about 40-50 million years ago. Then part of the Indian mainland began to subside below the Asian one, moving it upwards, which contributed to the rise of the Himalayas. It is believed that the Indian coast was denser and more firmly attached to the seabed, which is why the softer Asian soil was pushed upwards, instead of being turned upside down. Mount Everest and its peers actually grow by an inch every year.
However, if you want to conquer the highest peak in the world, you have to face the so-called “death zone” – an area above 8,000 meters where the body begins to die out minute by minute, cell by cell. In addition, sudden storms can make it absolutely impossible to leave the tent for a day or two.
Did you know that there are more than 200 corpses on Mount Everest and that temperatures are sometimes so low that due to frostbite, you can lose body parts?
Climbing to this giant is not easy. Today, even with professional help and oxygen canisters, many people fail to reach the top. The first and perhaps greatest reason for so many tragedies is the extremely low temperature. July is the warmest month of the year there, and then the average temperature near the top is -2 ° F, while winter is known for hurricanes and high-speed winds.
Accident prevention measures
Second reason are costs. The total cost is between $ 60,000 and $ 120,000, including climbing gear, bottled oxygen, a climbing permit, transporting equipment to the base camp, support, guides, food, and a return flight to Nepal.
So, it takes a lot of savings for anyone to decide on such an experience once in a lifetime. Only professional mountaineers or those more affluent can afford it, for whom this kind of expense is nothing special. Regardless of the level of investment, time, and money, the risk is great and tragedies are frequent.
Also, the availability of equipment knows how to deceive. People have the help of guides, they rest in camps, and everything just seems a lot easier. However, this can also be a problem because many dare to go to the mountains even though they do not have enough experience or abilities. Thus, the number of victims is higher.
The third reason is that there is a lot of garbage and several hundred human corpses on top! Some corpses have even become a landmark on the mountain, which is an extremely morbid fact. An example is “Green Boots”, a frozen mountaineer from India, whose flashy green shoes mark the path.
As much as you are a professional the risk of losing your life by conquering this giant is great. Although, the risk is an integral part of life, right?
Accident prevention measures
In order to prevent accidents, the Nepalese government has introduced new measures, so in the future, before climbing high peaks, mountaineers will have to undergo adequate training, have a certificate of good health and insurance that will cover the possible costs of their rescue. Before they get permission to conquer Everest, mountaineers will have to overcome a climb to the top higher than 6,500 meters.
Interesting facts about the Himalayas
1.The first people to conquer this peak were the New Zealand alpinist and explorer Edmund Hillary and the mountaineer Tenzing Norgay at the end of May 1953.
2.The first woman at the top was the Japanese Junko Tabej in 1975, and the youngest person was thirteen-year-old Jordan Romero in 2010.
3.The biggest disaster in the history of Mount Everest happened in 2016 when at least 22 people died.
4.During 2012, eight tons of garbage were removed from the mountain, so you can only guess how much there was during all these years.
5.Some climbers also reported dangerous theft of supplies from the camp, then immoral guides, prostitution, fraud in the sale of oxygen bottles, and the like.
6.A little black jumping spider was found at altitudes up to 6,700 meters and it is probably the highest habitat of something other than a microorganism on our planet.
7.People who die during the ascent are mostly abandoned, because about 150 bodies have never been picked up.
8.In the last six decades, more than 4,000 people have climbed that highest mountain peak on Earth.
The Himalayas are recovering
The pandemic of coronavirus is helping nature and animals recover from the effects of modern life. The Himalayas have often been at the peak of pollution in the world in recent years.
These days, for the first time in thirty years, the Himalayas are not in the fog of pollution and can be seen with the naked eye, and photos that have been published showing animals returning to their habitats that they left long ago due to human negligence, carelessness about the environment and enormous pollution of nature. This especially pleased nature lovers and those who fight for nature protection.
In the end, no matter how much we want to discover this beauty we will never be able to explore the beauties of the frozen kingdom enough.
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